The Religion of the Athenians. The Philosophers of Athens (continued). Chapter IV. However, Platonism was one of those philosophies that competed with Christianity in the early centuries of the church. By using our website, you agree to the use of cookies as described in our. However, his Demiurge was in a real sense ‘subordinate’ to the realm of the forms. Plato is often termed the father of Western philosophy. Jesus came into that context claiming to be the Jewish Messiah, though with a very different agenda than what many Jews were expecting. St. Paul statue in front of St. Peters Basilica (Vatican). Chapter VII. Chapter XV. The Philosophy of Religion. . Keyword searches may also use the operators Therefore anyone who desired an education or a patronage was pressed through this hodge podge of conflicting ideas, mixed indistinguishably with true church doctrine, and "science" was then able to claim a conflict with "religion". The Religion of the Athenians: Its Mythological and Symbolical Aspects. The language they used in describing and defining the Trinity is, in fact, taken directly from Platonic and Greek philosophy. . Later thinkers identified Plato’s form of the Good with God, and located the other forms in His mind as divine ideas (many early church fathers were champions of this modification of Plato), and others identified the Form of the Good with the ultimate good god, and the Demiurge with a bad, subordinate god who made the physical universe (as the ultimate good god wouldn’t sully himself by using or creating matter)—this was Gnosticism. Christianity certainly didn’t start off as a Greek philosophical school of thought. God’s personhood also means that God, unlike the Form of the Good, can act and create, and even create from nothing. 2000. Privacy Policy, First, I didn't use Philippians 1:23 to say that Plato influenced NT anthropology. A FREE downloadable study guide is available from creation.com/tga. Creation Ministries International for me is the best Christian website to refute evolution and with many other topics. Trembovler, Larissa. Historians of early Christianity have debated (a) the extent to which this idea, sometimes called “the Hellenization of Christianity”, pertains to the development of early Christian religious practices and institutions; however, they have generally recognized (b) that Greek philosophy shaped the early Christian intellectual and philosophical tradition. daily, and mediating on the scripture both night and day. We have supplied this link to an article on an external website in good faith. But we cannot assume responsibility for, nor be taken as endorsing in any way, any other content or links on any such site. Did Christianity come from Plato’s philosophy? But the true ideological grounds for Christianity are not to be found in Plato; they are found in the Old Testament. - For instance, Plato’s theory of the forms, and especially his notion of the Form of the Good, were ‘rolled together’ into the mind of the God of Scripture. Chapter IX. The Christian Element in Plato, Edinburgh, 1861), "Justin was, as he himself relates, an enthusiastic admirer of Plato before he found in the Gospel that full satisfaction which he had sought earnestly, but in vain, in philosophy. Thank you so much for your great reply. Chapter XII. He had two notions that he never really systematized into a single coherent worldview—his Form of the Good, and his Demiurge. Chapter II from Spain writes: Plato’s philosophy was by no means the historical ground from which Christianity sprouted. In preparing the present volume, the writer has been actuated by a conscientious desire to deepen and vivify our faith in the Christian system of truth, by showing that it does not rest solely on a special class of facts, but upon all the facts of nature and humanity; that its authority does not repose alone on the peculiar and supernatural events which transpired in Palestine, but also on the still broader foundations of the ideas and laws of the reason, and the common wants and instinctive yearnings of the human heart. Chapter XV. They betray an utter insensibility to the grand unities of nature and of thought, and a strange forgetfulness of that universal Providence which comprehends all nature and all history, and is yet so minute in its regards that it numbers the hairs on every . However, there are also important differences. But how indebted is Christianity to Plato? An unknown error has occurred. CMI records your real name, email address, and country as a sign of good faith. (Answering the Euthyphro Dilemma). Philippians 1:23), as Plato did. The word trinity itself is neither biblical nor Christian. By submitting your comment you are agreeing to receive email updates from. It also means that Plato’s Demiurge is a superfluous concept; a poor substitute for the God who makes all things from nothing. long) that explore the biblical and scientific truths of the Bible’s opening chapters. This is why the disembodied state of a dead person is called the intermediate state. Book details, Christianity and Greek Philosophy: Or, the ... Chapter II Chapter XI. (Answering the Euthyphro Dilemma), Christian Apologetics Questions and Answers. Nonetheless, in terms of philosophy, Christianity does share some important features with Plato. Professor Atkins is especially interested in Roman philosophy, and much of his research has focused on Cicero’s political philosophy. (If you haven’t received your first email within a few minutes, try checking your spam folder.). For instance, Plato’s realm of distinct forms could all be internalized into God as His ideas, making ultimate reality much simpler. - A separation between the sacred and the profane is something else lacking in philosophy. The Philosophy of Religion. A longstanding thesis holds that key aspects of early Christian thought were appropriated from Greek philosophy. - What is ‘good’? Nonetheless, early Christians certainly utilized some of Plato’s ideas, such as his theory of the forms, to construct defences of Christianity against competing philosophies. Read the full-text online edition of Christianity and Greek Philosophy: Or, the Relation between Spontaneous and Reflective Thought in Greece and the Positive …