Lisboa. As a rule of thumb, the last radical vowel (the one that can be stressed) will retain its original pronunciation when unstressed (atonic) and change into [a], [e/ɛ] (subjunctive or indicative 1st pers sing/infinitive), or [o/ɔ] (subjunctive or indicative 1st pers sing/infinitive) – depending on the vowel in question – in case it is stressed (is in a tonic syllable). FENAME - Ministério da Educação e Cultura. Alternation in stem-stressed forms is blocked in Brazil when a nasal consonant (/m/, /n/ or /ɲ/) follows, in which case the higher alternant (i.e. To conjugate a regular verb in Portuguese, you have to add to the verb root different terminations upon person, mood, tense. expor-se, represar, nostalgizar, zortar, sarapantar, gondolar, entisnar, acadar, escobilhar, desencolerizar, fundar, pasmacear, avelutar, causar, ensopar, estremudar, englobular, clisterizar, balbuciar, bostar, absumir, recativar, intervalar, extraviar, embochechar, coadquirir, imantar, dormitar, engeiar, bacorejar, arrochar, reencarcerar, impulsionar, entijolar, redomonear, decair, sobremontar… ©2020 Reverso-Softissimo. Example: Consider the conjugation of correr (analogous to comer, presented above) in the Indicative Present Simple. Thus, for the majority of verbs, the simple personal infinitive coincides with subjunctive future. Other vowels (u, i) and nasalized vowels (before closed syllables) stay unchanged, as well as the verbs with the diphthongs -ei, -eu, -oi, -ou; they always keep a closed-mid pronunciation; e.g. The pluperfect indicative can also be expressed with an equivalent periphrasis. Speakers from Brazil and Portugal apply slightly different conjugation rules, which may raise challenges for learners. Portuguese is spoken by 180 million people in Brazil, The following irregular verbs are used as auxiliary verbs in various periphrastic constructions. There are few irregular verbs for these tenses (only dizer, fazer, trazer, and their compounds – also haver, ter, ser, ir, pôr, estar, etc. The passive voice can be constructed in two different ways. To conjugate a Portuguese verb, enter its infinitive (e.g "querer", "achar") or a conjugated form like "acho", "esteve" or "querido". other particularities of the Portuguese verbs, Online spelling and grammar check for French texts, Online spelling and grammar check for English texts, Free: Learn English, French and other languages, Fleex: improve your English with your favorite videos. See the section on the imperative, below. Gramática da Língua Portuguesa. The pluperfect and the future of the indicative mood, as well as the conditional form, are often replaced with other verbal constructions or verbal periphrases in the spoken language. Other verbs with infinitives ending in -or, such as depor, compor, and propor are derivatives of pôr, and are conjugated in the same way. For example, in the verb comer, all of the forms como, comes, come, comem have /o/ in Brazil, but not in Portugal. Most of the Portuguese verbs end in one of the three terminations: - er, - ar or -ir and follow conjugation rules specific to each group of verbs. deixo /ej/ (deixar), endeuso /ew/ (endeusar), açoito /oj/ (açoitar), roubo /ow/ (roubar), etc. After you have learnt the rules for the regular verbs in Portuguese, you should also try to tackle some of the irregular Portuguese verbs that are on this list. In Brazil, the following difference applies: Stem-unstressed forms consistently have /o/ or /e/ for most speakers in most verbs, but there are exceptions, with some dialects (e.g. There are also irregular verbs in Portuguese, like "dar", "fazer", "ir", which modify even their root, during conjugation. Gramática do Português antigo. Conjugate verbs in English, French, Spanish, German, Italian, Hebrew, Russian, Arabic, Japanese, Portuguese with Reverso Conjugator. Some of the Portuguese characters don't exist in the English alphabet. Use the resources below to find out more the verbs conjugation in Portugal vs. Brazil and other particularities of the Portuguese verbs. comer) and verbs that end in -ir (e.g. Translate, conjugate, spellcheck in one click, from your browser. Dicionário de verbos portugueses conjugados, Dicionário prático de conjugação dos verbos da língua portuguesa, Nova Gramática do Português Contemporâneo, Support the free Verbix verb conjugation services. Most of the verbs are regular falar), verbs that end in -er (e.g. Vazquez Cuesta, Pilar – Mendes da Luz, Maria Albertina. northeastern Brazilian dialects) likely to present an open form /ɔ/ or /ɛ/. the Latin language. The Portuguese Conjugator recognizes also … /ɐ/, /e/ or /o/) is used in all forms. Romance language, proceeding from Tradução de Maria Manuela Gouveia Delille. To conjugate a Portuguese verb, enter its infinitive (e.g "querer", "achar") or a conjugated form like "acho", "esteve" or "querido". Conjugation is demonstrated here with the important irregular verb fazer "to do". The Portuguese names of the tenses (tempos) and moods (modos) are given along with their English translations. A typical regular verb has over fifty different forms, expressing up to six different grammatical tenses and three moods. The Portuguese Conjugator recognizes also reflexive forms like "ver-se". The affirmative imperative for second person pronouns tu and vós is obtained from the present indicative, by deletion of the final -s (in some cases, an accent mark must be added to the vowel which precedes it). – for the subjunctive future imperfect). belonging to the conjugation group of verbs ending in -ar. Portuguese conjugation tables are based on several models. Angola, Mozambic, So Tom e Principe, Macau, East Timor, Portugal etc. In any event, this is an irregular verb whose conjugation must be learned on its own. The periphrastic forms are as follows (escrever, "to write"): The five non-finite forms generally correspond to: For the Portuguese personal pronouns (which are omitted whenever they can be inferred from the ending of the conjugated verb or the context), see Portuguese personal pronouns and possessives. The indicative future imperfect, conditional, and subjunctive future imperfect are formed by adding to the infinitive of the verb the indicative present inflections of the auxiliary verb haver (dropping the h and av), the 2nd/3rd conjugation endings of the preterite, imperfect, and the personal infinitive endings, respectively. If you can't input them here - try the following: Portuguese verbs are divided into three conjugation groups according to the ending of the infinitive: -ar, -er and -ir. There are also irregular verbs in Portuguese, like "dar", "fazer", "ir", which modify even their root, during conjugation. In addition the verb There are round 1000 irregular verbs in Portuguese. This also has repercussions in the imperative and present subjunctive, for their inflections are constructed from the indicative present simple and indicative present simple in the 1st singular person respectively. This endings will determine how a verb must be conjugated, especially when they are regular. Learn conjugation rules and consult the list of conjugation models. They may be imaginary verbs, they may contain spelling mistakes or be buzz verbs, not yet aggregated to our conjugation tables like “googlar”, “linkar” or “escanear”. Recently Conjugated Verbs. To conjugate a regular verb in Portuguese, you have to add to the verb root different terminations upon person, mood, tense. The Portuguese names of the tenses (tempos) and moods (modos) are given along with their English translations. Verb conjugations in Portuguese The first thing you need to know is that there are three types of verb conjugations in Portuguese. Translate verbs in context or find their definition. At times, the difference is not particularly clear, producing [o̞], [e̞], particularly in transition zones like the states of Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais and the Brazilian Federal District, unless vowel harmony is involved (e.g. Two forms are peculiar to Portuguese within the Romance languages: Portuguese verbs have the following properties. Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian. We have verbs that end in -ar (e.g. All rights reserved. It is a Classes with an asterisk are entirely periphrastic. You can click on the corresponding section to learn more. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Portuguese personal pronouns and possessives, Wikibooks: Variation of the Portuguese Verbs, "Portuguese Pronouns and Other Forms of Address, from the Past into the Future — Structural, Semantic and Pragmatic Reflections", Conjugation paradigm for Portuguese regular verbs, Verb ConjugationTrainer by Tudo Bem Portuguese, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portuguese_verb_conjugation&oldid=990702466, Articles lacking sources from September 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, For a list of words relating to Portuguese verbs, see the, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 01:08.