Good information! Yet another thing to keep an eye on. Poultry mites bite and chew, extracting blood from the host, and can cause your chickens not only discomfort but also feather loss,  anemia or even death in extreme cases. *I'm going to post this in the Emergency/Disease/Pest thread as well. Your input please. They spread very slowly from bird to bird. Thanks for helping to keep us informed! Bird mites, also called chicken mites, are pests that many people don’t think about. Managing Your Flock's Molt, A Couple Chicken Problems And How To Fix Them. If you can't find garlic juice, you can make your own: Dusting your chickens with food-grade DE after spraying them is also recommended, taking care not to get the dust in their (or your)  eyes or lungs. Clean the hen house very well, making sure to get every corner. I will now be using your spray every week so thank you again.". I recommend you do too. Check your birds at night for red mites. I inspected them at home before putting them with my flock, and sure enough, they have lice (I think lice, and not mites, but don't know exactly what either look like). Chickens can get anemia from these bugs. There are still the odd few lice around but I think I have got on top of the problem. I just bought 5 laying hens from someone on craigslist that said they were perfectly healthy. Finally a clear explanation on, Very good information on treating Mites and Lice, Very good article! And things like Frontline or Sevin Dust should never be used on chickens (Frontline is formulated for dogs and cats and we won't even use it on them because we don't feel its safe to apply chemicals to our pets - and Sevin dust is a known carcinogen!). I dragged everything out, sprayed it and the shed all over, literally!!! Remove these but only after soaking and several treatments of petroleum jelly or else they will bleed. I use food grade Diamatacious earth mixed in with the sand bedding and it seems to keep them at bay. At the first sign of mites, fast treatment can eradicate them before the infestation gets a good foothold. So debeaked birds or overgrown beaked birds are more likely at risk for lice. I will be treating them tomorrow organically with apple cider bathes and a natural "poultry protector" spray. Treating your coop and chickens simultaneously is necessary to completely get rid of the mites. However, large numbers of mites can suck enough blood causing anaemia, shown by a pale comb and wattles, weakness, dullness and reduced egg production. If your hens all of a sudden seem reluctant to go into their coop at night, or stop using the nesting boxes, there's a good chance they might be mite-infested. Sprinkling food-grade Diatomaceous Earth onto the floor of the coop and nesting boxes and rubbing it into the roosts is another option that can be used in conjunction with the oil spray and reapplied as needed. Thankfully, they are not common in North America. Thanks for submitting it to our BYC Article Writing Contest. Wormwood (artemesia) can also help repel mites. Chiggers are commonly found under the wings, on the breast, and legs. In relation to using wood or charcoal ash, go to advanced search on the BYC web site and type in dust bathing. Body lice move really fast so it may be hard to see when you check your birds. These bugs are under 1/25 of an inch in their length. Found in tiny cracks, crevices, or in nesting boxes, these can actually kill chickens. Birds may not go up at night if the infestation is bad. I also believe that adding garlic powder to your flock's daily diet can help repel mites, lice and other external parasites who don't like the taste of blood with a garlic taste. Covering the nits in petroleum jelly prevents them from hatching and they then fall off. Not only that, poultry mites can be prevented ....naturally. If it goes unnoticed for a while, the legs will have little white encrustations (crusts) between the scales. Most are yellow or straw colored. This is to make sure all the larvae are killed, as well as the active mites. I did do the whole coop! They’re many other treatments for these parasites. JavaScript is disabled. Well I don't have an extra coop laying around if there is an infestation... Diatomaceous earth did nothing for mites when I used it. They can be spread by bringing infected chickens into your flock, by wild birds, rodents, in infected bedding, or by you carrying them in on your shoes or clothing. Chickens should not be put back in the infected coop until the coop has had time to air out from all the powders/sprays. It shows itself as damp patches on feathers, there will be many crawling around on the patches which occur in the neck feathers and vent feathers. I put a few inches of D.E. Katsdar! Upon closer inspection you will see tiny red or black spots near the vent. Picture by animallover1654 Normally,healthy chickens can keep themselves clean and mite-free and the dust baths that chickens take in a dry patch of dirt or sand, preferably enhanced with some wood ash and food-grade diatomaceous earth, will suffocate and kill and mites that happen to find your chickens.. So now that you know what you are up against, let’s talk about how you can exterminate them. Living up to one year without feeding on hens, take care to treat the birds multiple times. Strangely some birds were heavily infested, others had nothing even though they are in together. Killing these mites is hard but not impossible. Very good article willowbranchfarm! and would BBQ charcoal ash work too? I’ve been bitten by a few chiggers before and it really itches. This treatment has been found by poultry scientists in the UK to have a 100% kill rate over 24 hours. I went outside to close up my chickens, and... Coccidiosis & How To Treat It Seriously infected chicks will die. Lice vary in size and shape length is 1/25 to ¼ inch. It smothers them and they don't hatch, and eventually they just fall out. https://backyardchickenproject.com/chickens-mites-prevention-and-treatment Death can occur when red mites get out of hand as so much blood is lost by the bird, they become anaemic and eventually die. Mites & Lice! These pests are either blood sucking or chewing parasites. my babies... good job! They are difficult to deal with because they typically live in the nooks and crannies of a chicken coop, and come out at night to feed off the blood of chickens. No mention of diatomacious earth being used? When using a broody hen, inspect the nest she will be brooding in very carefully, making sure to check every crack for these mites.